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Eight years of Doha trade talks

"We commit ourselves to comprehensive negotiations aimed at: substantial improvements in market access; reductions of, with a view to phasing out, all forms of export subsidies; and substantial reductions in trade-distorting domestic support. We agree…

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The potential cost of a failed Doha Round

In times of economic turmoil, countries might decide to increase current tariff rates to protect domestic industries or raise revenues in order to finance domestic programs. Using the highest applied or bound rate imposed by countries from 1995 to…

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WTO negotiations on agriculture and developing countries

For more than six years the trade talks of the World Trade Organization (WTO) have been stalled, mainly on account of differences in countries' levels of ambition for reducing support to and protection of agriculture. The expiration of the U.S.…

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Globalization of food and agriculture and the poor

The economic impact of globalization, particularly on poverty, and the changes in agri-food markets have received much attention in recent years. However, the intersection of these two trends has been neglected. The present volume fills this gap by…

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Scale and access issues affecting smallholder hog producers in an expanding peri-urban market

"A dramatic increase over the past fifteen years in domestic pork demand and production in the Philippines has created a potentially profitable opportunity for poor rural and agricultural households. In Southern and Central Luzon, the two biggest…

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The marginalization of Africa in world trade

In recent years, trade in Africa has assumed greater importance as a means of alleviating poverty, especially since the initiation of the Doha Round for development. At the same time, skepticism regarding the effectiveness of foreign aid has grown…

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Searching for an alternative to economic partnership agreements

On January 1, 2008, Economic Partnerships Agreements (EPAs), currently being negotiated between the European Union (EU) and nearly 80 African, Caribbean, and Pacific (ACP) countries, are expected to replace the Cotonou Agreement, which has governed…

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How much will trade liberalization help the poor?

Trade liberalization is expected to act positively on development and poverty reduction... The traditional argument in favor of a positive relationship between liberalization and poverty reduction focuses on... [key] linkages. A large proportion of…

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Two opportunities to deliver on the Doha Development pledge

As of June 2006, a final agreement has eluded the parties to the Doha Development Round trade negotiations. There was little finality to the December 2005 Hong Kong Ministerial conference negotiations, even though members agreed to eliminate…

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