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discussion paper

Agriculture, incomes, and gender in Latin America by 2050: An assessment of climate change impacts and household resilience for Brazil, Mexico, and Peru

This report has been prepared in response to growing concerns about the impacts of climate change on Latin American economies, agriculture, and people. Findings suggest that because of the climate change impacts on agricultural production (yield…

discussion paper

The impact of Oportunidades on human capital and income distribution

In an effort to inform social policy in Mexico, this paper analyzes the effects of a major social program on school attendance and household income distribution, accounting for its partial and general equilibrium effects. Linking a microeconometric…

discussion paper

Economic transformation in theory and practice

"Encouraging signs of growth acceleration in Africa may herald a new development era of rapid transformation. In an effort to promote the future success of African transformation, we herein provide an extensive literature review on development…

discussion paper

Must conditional cash transfer programs be conditioned to be effective?

"A growing body of evidence suggests that conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs can have strong, positive effects on a range of welfare indicators for poor households in developing countries. However, the contribution of individual program…

discussion paper

Farmer preferences for Milpa diversity and genetically modified maize in Mexico

Maize, the second most globally important staple crop after wheat, originated in Mexico, where it is typically grown as part of a set of associated crops and practices called the milpa system. This ancient mode of production is practiced today in ways…

discussion paper

Las fundaciones produce a diez anos de su creación

""El presente reporte tiene como objetivo principal identificar dinámicas institucionales que permitan aumentar la efectividad de las políticas científicas, tecnológicas y de innovación agrícolas en países en desarrollo. La gran mayoría de los…

discussion paper

On the uneven distribution of innovative capabilities and why that matters for research, extension and development policies

Agricultural development policies and programs, including extension and support for innovation, implicitly assume that the whole target population has the ability to innovate. Recent research in neuroscience, education, social sciences and psychology…

discussion paper

Evaluating the cost of poverty alleviation transfer programs

"One of the common criticisms of poverty alleviation programs is that the high share of administrative (nontransfer) costs substantially reduces the programs’ impact on poverty. But very little empirical evidence exists on program costs. For example,…

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