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discussion paper

Can agricultural aspirations influence preferences for new technologies?

In the face of increasing environmental stresses, there is a critical need to improve water-use efficiency in many arid and semiarid agroclimatic zones. Drip irrigation is a high-efficiency irrigation technology that can improve water-use efficiency…

discussion paper

Varietal integrity, damage abatement, and productivity: Evidence from the cultivation of Bt cotton in Pakistan

Bt cotton remains one of the most widely grown biotech crops among smallholder farmers. Numerous studies, including those previously conducted in Pakistan, attest to its yield and cost advantages. However, the effectiveness of Bt toxin, which depends…

discussion paper

Pakistan’s fertilizer sector: Structure, policies, performance, and impacts

The fertilizer industry in Pakistan, with US$3.74 billion per year in sales, now stands at a crossroads where, after an initial substantial contribution in boosting crop productivity, its future potential is being challenged. Fertilizer-responsive…

discussion paper

Measuring women’s disempowerment in agriculture in Pakistan

Pakistan performs poorly with respect to gender equality, women’s empowerment, and other gender-related indicators. Few studies in Pakistan measure the multiple dimensions of empowerment along which women are marginalized or disenfranchised,…

discussion paper

Temporary and permanent migrant selection

The migrant selection literature concentrates primarily on spatial patterns. We integrate two workhorses of the labor literature, the Roy and search models, to illustrate the implications of migration duration for patterns of selection. Theory and…