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discussion paper

Introducing a genetically modified banana in Uganda

"Banana is a staple crop consumed by Ugandan households. The Uganda National Agricultural Research Organization has implemented conventional and biotechnology programs that seek improving bananas and address the crop's most important pest and disease…

discussion paper

Plant genetic resources for agriculture, plant breeding, and biotechnology

"Local farming communities throughout the world face binding productivity constraints, diverse nutritional needs, environmental concerns, and significant economic and financial pressures. Developing countries address these challenges in different…

discussion paper

Supply of pigeonpea genetic resources in local markets of Eastern Kenya

"Smallholder producers in marginal and semiarid areas of eastern Kenya have not benefited greatly from research investments made in improvement of crops grown in such environments (sorghum, millet, and legumes, including pigeonpea) either by the…

discussion paper

Rural investment to accelerate growth and poverty reduction in Kenya

""Kenya’s economy is relatively diverse, with both agricultural and industrial potential. However, the economy has performed poorly over the last decade, and poverty and inequality have risen. This paper examines the impact of alternative growth paths…

discussion paper

Seed provision and dryland crops in the semiarid regions of Eastern Kenya

Over the last two decades, several seed-related programs have been initiated in eastern Kenya to improve farmers’ access to quality seeds of dryland cereals and legumes. They are provided during two occasions, regular and emergency times. But very…

discussion paper

Farmer management of production risk on degraded lands

"This paper investigates the effects of wheat genetic diversity and land degradation on risk and agricultural productivity in less favored production environments of a developing agricultural economy. Drawing production data from household survey…