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discussion paper

Challenges in implementing a small-scale farmers’ capacity-building program: The case of the food production, processing, and marketing project in the Democratic Republic of Congo

In 2011, in collaboration with the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), the Democratic Republic of Congo’s government launched the Food Production, Processing, and Marketing project—which aimed to raise incomes and improve food…

discussion paper

The food-energy-water security nexus: Definitions, policies, and methods in an application to Malawi and Mozambique

This study summarizes the concept of the food-energy-water security nexus (FEW nexus). The aim is to create awareness about the importance of the nexus and to enable stakeholders to consider interconnections between the sectors in their work. The FEW…

discussion paper

Communities’ perceptions and knowledge of ecosystem services: Evidence from rural communities in Nigeria

This research has been undertaken to improve our understanding of stakeholders’ knowledge and perception about ecosystem services (ES), which provides a valuable means of gaining insight into the opportunities and constraints that face ES management…

discussion paper

Biomass productivity-based mapping of global land degradation hotspots

Land degradation is a global problem affecting negatively the livelihoods and food security of billions of people, especially farmers and pastoralists in the developing countries. Eradicating extreme poverty without adequately addressing land…

discussion paper

Fertilizer in Ethiopia: An assessment of policies, value chain, and profitability

The study involved interviewing a large number of stakeholders in fertilizer value chain, collection of data on costs and margins from the key actors in the value chain, as well as household survey data. In this paper, we present the key findings from…

discussion paper

Rising wages in Bangladesh

Using data from multiple sources, we show that in Bangladesh, the increase in real wages, particularly female wages, has accelerated since the late 2000s, suggesting that the Lewis turning point (the point at which the labor market starts to shift in…

discussion paper

Factor endowments, wage growth, and changing food self-sufficiency

Asian countries have witnessed a sharp increase in real wage as a result of rapid economic growth and structural transformation in recent years. Using a country level panel data from 1980 to 2010, this paper examines the effects of real wage increase…

discussion paper

Decentralization and rural service delivery in Uganda

Uganda introduced the decentralization policy in 1997 under the Local Government Act of 1997 that has since undergone four amendments. The policy inherently decentralized service delivery institutions and their governance in order to improve access to…

discussion paper

Climate risk management through sustainable land management in Sub-Saharan Africa

Empirical evidence has shown that farmers can adapt to climate change by using sustainable land and water management (SLWM) practices that provide local mitigation benefits, reducing or offsetting the negative effects of climate change at the level of…

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