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discussion paper

Farmers’ crop choice decisions: Trends and determinants in Nigeria and Uganda

This study investigates the determinants of farmers’ crop choice decisions, crop area diversification, and income diversification in Sub-Saharan Africa using nationally representative panel data for Nigeria and Uganda. We use both the shares of land…

discussion paper

Varietal integrity, damage abatement, and productivity: Evidence from the cultivation of Bt cotton in Pakistan

Bt cotton remains one of the most widely grown biotech crops among smallholder farmers. Numerous studies, including those previously conducted in Pakistan, attest to its yield and cost advantages. However, the effectiveness of Bt toxin, which depends…

discussion paper

Pakistan’s fertilizer sector: Structure, policies, performance, and impacts

The fertilizer industry in Pakistan, with US$3.74 billion per year in sales, now stands at a crossroads where, after an initial substantial contribution in boosting crop productivity, its future potential is being challenged. Fertilizer-responsive…