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discussion paper

Farmers’ crop choice decisions: Trends and determinants in Nigeria and Uganda

This study investigates the determinants of farmers’ crop choice decisions, crop area diversification, and income diversification in Sub-Saharan Africa using nationally representative panel data for Nigeria and Uganda. We use both the shares of land…

discussion paper

Agriculture extension in Viet Nam: An assessment and reform options

In 2015, Viet Nam began transforming its agriculture extension and advisory services to improve the efficiency and competitiveness of its agricultural sector and thus improve the livelihoods of its farmers. Despite these recent efforts, however,…

discussion paper

Cropland restoration as an essential component to the forest landscape restoration approach- Global effects of widescale adoption

Existing approaches and methodologies that investigate effects of land degradation on food security vary greatly. Although a relatively rich body of literature that investigates localized experiences, geophysical and socioeconomic drivers of land…

discussion paper

West African Agriculture for jobs, nutrition, growth, and climate resilience

The regional agrifood system described above is complex and raises significant managerial challenges for decision makers. It is not, however, new or a radical departure from the system that is already in place and evolving. In addition to the specific…

discussion paper

Gender, climate change, and resilient food systems: Lessons from strategic adaptation by smallholder farmers in Cameroon

Climate change has major impacts on the food security and livelihoods of smallholder farmers in Africa south of the Sahara. Vulnerable to the vagaries of weather and to being chronically poor, women farmers are unequally and more negatively affected…

discussion paper

Insuring against droughts: Evidence on agricultural intensification and index insurance demand from a randomized evaluation in rural Bangladesh

It is widely acknowledged that unmitigated risks provide a disincentive for otherwise optimal investments in modern farm inputs. Index insurance provides a means for managing risk without the burdens of asymmetric information and high transaction…