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discussion paper

Agriculture extension in Viet Nam: An assessment and reform options

In 2015, Viet Nam began transforming its agriculture extension and advisory services to improve the efficiency and competitiveness of its agricultural sector and thus improve the livelihoods of its farmers. Despite these recent efforts, however,…

discussion paper

Cropland restoration as an essential component to the forest landscape restoration approach- Global effects of widescale adoption

Existing approaches and methodologies that investigate effects of land degradation on food security vary greatly. Although a relatively rich body of literature that investigates localized experiences, geophysical and socioeconomic drivers of land…

discussion paper

Addressing transboundary cooperation in the Eastern Nile through the Water-Energy-Food Nexus: Insights from an E-survey and key informant interviews

The Nile is the lifeblood of northeastern Africa, and its roles for and interdependency with the national economies it traverses and binds together grow as it moves from source to sea. With rapid economic development—population growth, irrigation…

discussion paper

Energy use and rural poverty: Empirical evidence from potato farmers in north China

Rising energy expenditures due to more intensive use of energy in modern agriculture and increasing energy prices may affect rural households’ agricultural incomes, particularly the incomes of the rural poor in developing countries. However, the exact…

discussion paper

The food-energy-water security nexus: Definitions, policies, and methods in an application to Malawi and Mozambique

This study summarizes the concept of the food-energy-water security nexus (FEW nexus). The aim is to create awareness about the importance of the nexus and to enable stakeholders to consider interconnections between the sectors in their work. The FEW…

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