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discussion paper

Women's economic advancement through agricultural change

This paper reviews donor experience with the design of development projects that are sensitive to gender-specific constraints. The review finds that the gap between intentions and implementation as regards gender-sensitivity is larger in agriculture…

discussion paper

The trade-wage debate in a model with nontraded goods

The Heckscher-Ohlin-Samuelson (HOS) model in international trade theory provides a powerful general-equilibrium paradigm for analyzing the impact of changes in trade on factor returns. In the HOS model, factor returns are determined solely by…

discussion paper

Sustainable development of rainfed agriculture in India

India's agricultural growth has been sufficient to move the country from severe food crises of the 1960s to aggregate food surpluses today. Most of the increase in agricultural output over the years has taken place under irrigated conditions. The…

discussion paper

Determinants of repayment performance in credit groups

Group lending has received much attention in recent years because of its perceived potential in providing financial services to poor households that lack traditional collateral. The analysis in this paper focuses on the effects of program design,…

discussion paper

Food security and nutrition implications of intrahousehold bias

The success of development policy depends on the ability to successfully anticipate the response of individuals to changing incentives. Often, however, actual responses differ from anticipated responses. One important reason for this divergence is a…

discussion paper

Major natural resource management concerns in South Asia

South Asia's food requirements are likely to grow at least 100 percent by the year 2020, while the region's natural resource base is likely to shrink. Gill advocates a transition from today's cereal-based, land-extensive, water-intensive production…

discussion paper

Farm-nonfarm growth linkages in Zambia

This paper uses farm survey data from Eastern Province, Zambia to show that regional income multipliers arising from agricultural growth may be stronger than previously thought for Sub-Saharan Africa. However, the growth multipliers are driven…

discussion paper

Livestock and deforestation in Central America in the 1980s and 1990s

This study analyses seven factors used to explain the conversion of forest to pasture in Central America between 1979 and 1994: 1) favorable markets for livestock products, 2) subsidized credit and road construction, 3) land tenure policies, 4)…

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