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discussion paper

Child development

Many of the challenges facing children now are a function of the changing times, including increases in urbanization, political violence, changing family forms, and, in some a cases, decreased supplies of adequate food. This paper reviews the evolving…

discussion paper

Macroeconomic crises and poverty monitoring

Assessment of the welfare impacts of low-frequency events, such as macroeconomic crises and stabilizations, are often confounded by sampling and nonsampling errors that generate fluctuations in household survey-based welfare indicators; they are also…

discussion paper

Agriculture and the new industrial revolution in Asia

This paper examines the role of agriculture and rural development, in general, in the most successful countries of Asia, termed, by the World Bank, the East Asian Miracle. The basic hypothesis of the paper is that agricultural growth and rural…

discussion paper

Repayment performance in group-based credit programs in Bangladesh

This paper analyzes the repayment rates of credit groups belonging to three group-based credit programs in Bangladesh: the Association for Social Advancement (ASA), the Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee (BRAC), and the Rangpur Dinajpur Rural…

discussion paper

Southern Africa

Many of the countries in the Southern Africa region have very sketchy trade data, due to disruptions in data collection (caused by war in the case of Mozambique and sanctions-induced secrecy in South Africa, for instance) or weak statistical…

discussion paper

Women's economic advancement through agricultural change

This paper reviews donor experience with the design of development projects that are sensitive to gender-specific constraints. The review finds that the gap between intentions and implementation as regards gender-sensitivity is larger in agriculture…

discussion paper

The trade-wage debate in a model with nontraded goods

The Heckscher-Ohlin-Samuelson (HOS) model in international trade theory provides a powerful general-equilibrium paradigm for analyzing the impact of changes in trade on factor returns. In the HOS model, factor returns are determined solely by…

discussion paper

Sustainable development of rainfed agriculture in India

India's agricultural growth has been sufficient to move the country from severe food crises of the 1960s to aggregate food surpluses today. Most of the increase in agricultural output over the years has taken place under irrigated conditions. The…

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