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book chapter

Hidden hunger: Approaches to tackling micronutrient deficiencies

AROUND THE WORLD, more than 2 billion people are thought to be affected by an often invisible form of malnutrition: micronutrient malnutrition, commonly known as hidden hunger.1 Vitamin and mineral deficiencies—at least in mild to moderate forms—may…

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Global institutions: Governance reform for food, nutrition, and agriculture

As food and agricultural systems become increasingly globalized, the policy and governance issues related to food and nutrition security are becoming more complex. New and growing complexities require more systematic, coordinated, and evidence-based…

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Food policy in 2017-2018: Progress, uncertainty, and rising antiglobalism

The year 2017 was marked by increasing uncertainty amid mixed signs of progress. Global hunger increased as conflicts, famine, and refugee crises persisted even as the world enjoyed a strong economic recovery. As antiglobalization sentiment rose,…

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Investment: International investment and local food security

International investments in agriculture have a broad range of social, economic, and environmental impacts. At their best, they create decent jobs that upgrade local skills, provide local farmers with incomes, improve access to markets and finance,…

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Migration: Tightening borders and threats to food security

Recent changes in the political landscape in the United Kingdom and the United States have put tighter borders and migration restrictions on the agenda. Concerns about unchecked migration have also risen in mainland Europe, as migration by boat to…

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Knowledge and data: Achieving food and nutrition security through open access

Despite global reductions in hunger, malnutrition, and poverty, food and nutrition insecurity remain a global challenge. Reducing hunger and malnutrition requires evidence-based decision making, which in turn depends upon access to knowledge and data.…

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Trade: The free flow of goods and food security and nutrition

The benefits of international trade are embedded in our everyday lives, our meals have been shaped by globalization, and many farmers profit from export markets for their products. Global improvements in food and nutrition security under an open and…

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Food security: The global food system under radical change

Food systems have been central to recent unprecedented reductions in global poverty, hunger, and undernutrition, and will be the foundation of future progress. Yet food is among the leading causes of our global health and sustainability crises.…

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Regional developments

At the regional and country level, developments in 2017 had important repercussions for food security and nutrition. This section offers perspectives on food policy developments across the major regions: Africa, the Middle East and North Africa,…

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