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Togo

Situé sur la côte du golfe de Guinée en Afrique de l’Ouest, le Togo a une superficie de 56 600 km². Il est limité au sud par l’océan Atlantique, au nord par le Burkina Faso, à l’est par le Bénin et à l’ouest par le Ghana. La population togolaise était…

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Sierra Leone

La Sierra Leone a une superficie de 72 325 kilomètres carrés et est limitée au nord par la République de Guinée, au sud et sud-est par la République du Libéria, et à l’ouest par l’Atlantique Nord. Le pays est divisé en cinq régions géographiques…

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Regional developments [in Chinese]

2016年,食物领域出现的重要进展可能对各个国家和地区的食物安全与营养状 况产生深远影响。本报告将研究非洲、中东、北非、中亚、南亚、东亚、拉美和加勒 比海等主要地区在粮食政策方面的进展、城市化趋势,以及这些趋势对食物安全 与营养状况的影响。以下章节将探究不同地区的情况,包括: ■■ 非洲地区合作与投资增长,如何在气候变化和商品价格走低的情况下加强食 物安全 ■■ 中东北非地区持续的冲突、某些国家的政策改革需求以及较低的油价 ■■ 中亚如何推广农业多样性,加强区域一体化,增强经济恢复力 ■■…

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Structural change and the possibilities for future growth in Nigeria

Since the turn of the century, overall economic growth in Nigeria has been consistently strong—averaging around 5.4 percent per year, up substantially from about 2.0 percent during 1990–2000. Moreover, overall GDP growth in the past decade is even…

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Overview: Structural change, fundamentals, and growth

The first decade of the 21st century was extraordinarily good for developing countries and their mostly poor citizens. Their economies expanded at unprecedented rates, resulting in both a large reduction in extreme poverty and a significant expansion…

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Structural change, productivity growth, and trade policy in Brazil

Throughout the course of only a few decades in the postwar period, the Brazilian economy experienced an intense and fast process of industrialization, which went hand in hand with a major increase in labor productivity and periods of annual growth…

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Stuck in the middle? Structural change and productivity growth in Botswana

In 1966 when Botswana gained independence, it was one of the poorest countries in the world. But by 1986, Botswana had achieved middle-income status, and in 2005, the World Bank classified it as an upper-middle-income country. The only other country…

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Moving out of agriculture: Structural change in Viet Nam

During the past 20 years, Viet Nam underwent an economic transformation, featuring high rates of economic growth—real GDP increased at an average annual growth rate of 7 percent from 1986 to 2008 and GDP per capita in PPP terms tripled—and a sharp…

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