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Economics of land degradation

In recent years, prices of agricultural land have increased quickly, actually doubling and tripling in many parts of the world. This land value reassessment has been prompted by rising crop prices and perceived land scarcity. But even as the value of…

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The role of emerging countries in global food security

Global food insecurity remains a serious problem. In 2010, more than 900 million people are still hungry, and progress toward reaching the first Millennium Development Goal of halving the world's proportion of malnourished people is off track by a…

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O Papel dos Países Emergentes na Segurança Alimentar Mundial

Disponibilidade alimentar, estabilidade e acesso à nutrição adequada são componentes essenciais para o bem-estar e produtividade de todas as pessoas. No entanto, apesar do progresso nos anos 70 e 80, o número de pessoas desnutridas tem aumentado…

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The supermarket revolution in developing countries

"A “supermarket revolution” has been underway in developing countries since the early 1990s. Supermarkets (here referring to all modern retail, which includes chain stores of various formats such as supermarkets, hypermarkets, and convenience and…

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El rol gubernamental en el proceso de innovación agropecuaria

Muchos gobiernos en países en desarrollo intentan estimular el crecimiento y la innovación agropecuaria estableciendo entidades de financiamiento, programas de extensión y centros de investigación pública, así como subvencionando actividades agrícolas…

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The role of government in agricultural innovation

Many governments in developing countries attempt to foster agricultural development and innovation by setting up funding facilities, extension programs, and research centers and by subsidizing private-sector and farm activities through fiscal…

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Weighing risks

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Modeling water resources management at the basin level

With increasing competition for water across sectors and regions, the river basin has been recognized as the appropriate unit of analysis for addressing the challenges of water resources management. Modeling at this scale can provide essential…

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Market institutions

This paper examines how market institutions can affect links between urban and rural areas with specific emphasis on goods market integration in the national context.Traditionally, development researchers and practitioners have focused either on rural…

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