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Philippine agricultural and food policies

The Philippines has undergone a series of trade reforms since the mid-1980s that have reduced protection on nonagricultural goods. However, protection on key food items is still in effect, and this has led to high domestic food prices. Such high…

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Successful organizational learning in the management of agricultural research and innovation

Since the 1980s, developing countries’ agriculture has become more complex and diversified. In general, the public research and extension institutions in these countries were criticized for not participating in the emergence of the most dynamic…

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Linkages between land management, land degradation, and poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa

Agriculture is vital to the economies of Sub-Saharan Africa: two-thirds of the region's people depend on it for their livelihoods. Nevertheless, agricultural productivity in most of the region is stagnant or declining, in large part because of land…

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Improving nutrition as a development priority

Undernutrition remains a major source of human suffering and an obstacle to national economic and human development in many African countries. This report investigates undernutrition's persistence, drawing on case studies of the public response to the…

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Determinants and implications of the growing scale of livestock farms in four fast-growing developing countries

The rapid growth in consumer demand for livestock offers an opportunity to reduce poverty among smallholder livestock farmers in the developing world. These farmers' opportunity may be threatened, however, by competition from larger-scale farms. This…

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The bang for the birr

During the past decade and a half, Ethiopia's approach to promoting development and improving the lives of the country's rural population has been driven by a government strategy called Agricultural Development-Led Industrialization (ADLI). This…

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Pakistan’s cotton and textile economy

Pakistan's economy relies heavily on its cotton and textile sectors. The cotton-processing and textile industries make up almost half of the country's manufacturing base, while cotton is Pakistan's principal industrial crop, supplying critical income…

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The role of agriculture in development

This report provides a nuanced perspective on debates about the potential for Africa’s smallholder agriculture to stimulate growth and alleviate poverty in an increasingly integrated world. In particular, the paper synthesizes both the traditional…

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Agricultural producer support estimates for developing countries

This study analyzes the evolution of agricultural policies from 1985 to 2002 in India, Indonesia, China, and Vietnam and provides empirical estimates of the degree of protection or disprotection to agriculture in these four countries, both by key…

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