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Implications for Brazil of the July 2008 draft agricultural modalities

"This paper discussed the market access and domestic support pillars in the Doha Round negotiations. It analysed both the implications for Brazil of reducing its own tariffs and reforming domestic support for agriculture; and the likely benefits…

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Assessing and attributing the benefits from varietal improvement research in Brazil

We estimate that Brazil received $16 of benefit from every dollar invested by Embrapa in improving upland rice, edible beans, and soybean varieties. The total research benefits over the period 1981–2003 amounted to $14.8 billion in present value (1999…

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Agricultural intensification by smallholders in the Western Brazilian Amazon

Despite the importance of tropical moist forests for conserving biodiversity and storing carbon, forests continue to fall, because the private benefits of clearing land for agriculture far outweigh tangible economic gains from retaining forests. This…

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I&D agropecuario en Brazil

En 1996, Brasil empleó más de 5.000 investigadores equivalentes de tiempo completo e invirtió más de $1.000 millones (dólares internacionales de 1993) en I&D agropecuario, casi la mitad del gasto total de América Latina en investigación agropecuaria…

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Agricultural R&D in Brazil

In 1996, Brazil employed more than 5,000 full-time equivalent researchers and spent more than $1 billion (1993 international dollars) on agricultural R&D; about one half of the total agricultural research spending throughout Latin America in that year.

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P&D agropecuario no Brasil

Em 1996, o Brasil empregava mais de 5.000 pesquisadores em tempo integral, e gastava mais de $1 bilhão (em dólares internacionais de 1993) em pesquisa agropecuária; cerca da metade do gasto total em pesquisa agropecuária de toda a América Latina.…

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Policy for plenty

This paper suggests practical methods for assessing policy research programs, both ex post and ex ante. Measuring the benefits of policy research is difficult: the path of causation between research and policy change is nearly always uncertain;…

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