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Effects of import duty elimination on the EU Fertilizer Market

This report studies the current condition of competition in the European Union’s fertilizer market, and its impact on fertilizers prices. A review of literature shows that prices of fertilizers in Western European countries increased by 123% between…

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Assessing the land use change consequences of European biofuel policies

Background On 23 April 2009, the European Union adopted the Renewable Energy Directive (RED) which included a 10 percent target for the use of renewable energy in road transport fuels by 2020. It also established the environmental sustainability…

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Global trade and environmental impact study of the EU biofuels mandate

The primary objective of this study is to analyse the impact of possible changes in EU biofuels trade policies on global agricultural production and the environmental performance of the EU biofuel policy as concretised in the RED. The study pays…

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Science and poverty

"Agricultural research has greatly increased the yields of important staple food crops, and for many people this has meant more food availability and trade opportunities. Yet many people in rural areas in developing countries still live in abject…

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Economic reform in Europe and the former Soviet Union

Policy reforms in the wake of the Uruguay Round of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) are expected to reduce food exports in Western Europe. Will the transition to market- oriented policy regimes in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet…