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Options for WTO negotiations on agriculture domestic support

This article explores various recent ideas that governments have put forward on the issue of agricultural domestic support, with a view to helping negotiators and other actors better understand how these might affect actual levels of support as well…

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The future of the global agri-food trade and the WTO

In recent years, the international trade context has seen, as a consequence of political changes, social unrest and violence, increased uncertainty and instability. Two main trends, one economic and one political, have affected the economic and…

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Export subsidies after Nairobi

The first provision on export subsidies appeared in the first paragraph of Article XVI of The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade of 1947 (GATT). The paragraph mainly established an obligation to notify the contracting parties, which provided the…

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Looking at export tariffs and export restrictions: The case of Argentina accelerating tariff elimination through beneficial environmental food products

Export taxes have been used in many countries. They have multiple effects at the macroeconomic and sectoral levels, including on the terms of trade (resulting from the market power of key suppliers), the reduction and stabilization of consumer prices…

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Technological innovations in pulse production

Chapter 4 looks at the technology, with special importance given the stagnation in pulses’ yield as compared with that of other crops. Yield improvement in pulses will be needed to overcome the position of advantage that now favors cereals and…

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Dynamics of pulses trade in India

During the past decade, because of the persistent deficit in India’s pulse sector, the sharp rise in pulse prices has coincided with significant changes in the nature and extent of the pulse trade. Surprisingly, no systematic study has been done on…