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Agriculture and food security

After two decades of economic decline and stagnation, Africa has witnessed a remarkable overall economic and agricultural recovery over the last decade. Figure 1 below shows that the average rate of agricultural and overall GDP growth has increased…


Biofuels and grain prices

Recent dramatic increases in food prices are having severe consequences for poor countries and poor people. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) reports that food prices rose by nearly 40 percent in 2007 and made further…


Implications of the food crisis for long-term agricultural development

The prices of maize, wheat, rice, and other crops have more than doubled over the past two years. These price hikes have been catalyzed by various factors including the rising cost of oil, biofuel subsidies in the US and Europe, the depreciation of…


Biofuels, international food prices, and the poor

World agriculture is at a turning point: economic growth, energy needs, and climate change redefine the equations of agricultural supply and demand and contribute to accelerate food prices. Biofuels have been particularly high on the global agenda…


Die globale Ernährungs- und Agrarkrise und die Rolle von [In German]

"World agriculture has entered a new, unsustainable, and politically risky period. Agriculture—and the natural resources it depends on—has been overexploited ecologically, has suffered from underinvestment, has recently been exposed to ill-designed…


High food prices

"The food price crisis hits a world that has the most unequal distribution of income ever, and a world that has left the poorest behind. The proportion of the ultra-poor who have incomes of less than half a dollar a day has declined even more slowly…