Women play a critical and potentially transformative role in developing countries’ agricultural growth, but they face persistent obstacles and social and economic constraints that limit their participation in the sector. Understanding the relationships between women and men through gender research can illuminate the pathway to sustainable and inclusive economic development.
Through programs such as the Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index and IFPRI’s Gender, Agriculture, and Assets Project, as well as the IFPRI-led CGIAR Systemwide Program on Collective Action and Property Rights (CAPRi), the Institute collects data, tests models, and generates important findings on how gender relates to food and nutrition security; the gendered impacts of agricultural development projects; power and resource allocation within the household; market development and trade; institution building; land tenure; natural resource management; and overall economic development and poverty reduction.
Takeaways from twenty years of gender and rural development research
It’s been 20 years since the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action launched an agenda for gender equality as a human right, a condition for social justice, and a “necessary and fundamental prerequisite for equality, development, and peace.” Beijing set its sights on removing all barriers for women’s equal participation in public and private spheres. The past twenty years have provided the opportunity for significant learning about how to do so, in a vast range of “spheres.”
In this context of looking back to look forward, we take stock of research at IFPRI that contributed knowledge on how to advance gender equality by generating evidence from action, and compelling action from the evidence produced.
Below are key takeaways from the last 20 years of IFPRI gender research, organized by theme:
- unpacking the “black box” of household decision making
- understanding the impact of resources controlled by women
- closing gender gaps in agricultural productivity
- access, control, and ownership of assets
- land rights
- legal institutions and governance
- groups and social capital
- shocks and climate change
- nutrition and health
- violence against women
- women’s empowerment
- decision making, revisited
- improving gender data
Most of the articles are published in peer-reviewed journals (see full reference list), but the hyperlinks provided go to the open access versions of the publications, except where noted with an asterisk