The Global Hunger Index (GHI) is designed to comprehensively measure and track hunger globally and by country and region. Calculated each year by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), the GHI highlights successes and failures in hunger reduction and provides insights into the drivers of hunger. By raising awareness and understanding of regional and country differences in hunger, the GHI aims to trigger actions to reduce hunger.
To reflect the multidimensional nature of hunger, the GHI combines three equally weighted indicators in one index number:
- Undernourishment: the proportion of undernourished as a percentage of the population (reflecting the share of the population with insufficient calorie intake);
- Child underweight: the proportion of children younger than the age of five who are underweight (low weight for age reflecting wasting, stunted growth, or both), which is one indicator of child undernutrition; and
- Child mortality: the mortality rate of children younger than the age of five (partially reflecting the fatal synergy of inadequate dietary intake and unhealthy environments).
The GHI ranks countries on a 100-point scale. Zero is the best score (no hunger), and 100 is the worst, although neither of these extremes is reached in practice.
The Global Hunger Index has received several national and international awards. In 2013 it received Gold in Europe's largest award for corporate media. The jury said that the Global Hunger Index sets the standard for reports in the non-profit area as it is credible, authentic and its scientific contents are always intelligible to all.
- BCP Best of Corporate Publishing 2013: Gold Award for Global Hunger Index 2012
- BCP Best of Corporate Publishing 2012: Silver Award for Global Hunger Index 2011
- 2013 ARC Award Gold: The International Competition Honoring Excellence in Annual Reports in Humanitarian Aid Category
- Mercury Excellence Awards 2011/2012: Grand Winner - Best Annual Reports - Europe
- Mercury Excellence Awards 2011/2012: Gold Winner - Annual Reports - Overall Presentation - Non-Profit - Human Welfare
- Mercury Excellence Awards 2010/2011: Grand Winner - Best Annual Reports - Europe
- Mercury Excellence Awards 2009/2010: Silver Winner - Annual Reports - Overall Presentation - Non-Profit - Human Welfare
- League of American Communication Professionals: 2010 Vision Awards: Annual Reports Competition: Platinum Award
- League of American Communication Professionals: 2010/2011 Vision Awards: Top100 Annual Reports Worldwide: 42th place
Map and graph of 2014 GHI scores by country.
The challenge of hidden hunger