As the causes and consequences of AIDS epidemics become clearer, so does the fundamental importance of food and nutrition security. Agriculture is the main source of livelihood for the majority of people globally affected by HIV. And agriculture as a sector is particularly threatened by the epidemic, given the implications of reduced labor power for the ability of affected households, particularly the poor, to feed themselves - and given the rapid rate of attrition of agricultural extension capacity.

Along with partners in the Regional Network on AIDS, Livelihoods and Food Securiity (RENEWAL), IFPRI engaged in research that aims to unravel the dynamics behind these interactions and their implications for food and nutrition-relevant policy.