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Agricultural Extension

Agricultural extension (also known as agricultural advisory services) plays a crucial role in promoting agricultural productivity, increasing food security, improving rural livelihoods, and promoting agriculture as an engine of pro-poor economic…

Farmers work together in Khulna, Bangladesh, 2014.

Agriculture and Food Production

Sustainable food production is a critical component to meeting the demands and challenges faced by agriculture worldwide.


Climate Change

Farmers in the developing world are challenged to produce enough food to satiate growing populations. They also care for fields, pastures, and surrounding resources. But these tasks are becoming far more difficult due to unpredictable climates…

Refugees line up at the UNHCR registration center in Tripoli, Lebanon.

Conflict and Food Security

The relationship between conflict and food security is complex and dynamic. As recent IFPRI research has shown, food insecurity can be both a cause and consequence of conflict. Conflict often reduces food availability and access when agricultural…

Cattle and herders in Uzbekistan.

Country Strategies

IFPRI researchers explore the factors that determine countries’ choices of development pathways. They pinpoint the necessary preconditions for effective policy changes and identify the main drivers of economic growth, agricultural transformation,…


Doha Round

Recent IFPRI research has articulated the distinctions between the legal obligations of WTO members and the underlying economic intention of reducing trade-distorting support; it has traced the extent to which WTO notifications have tracked and…



Agricultural production consumes 10 percent of total global primary energy, and 30 percent, if the total food supply chain is included. Since more judicious use of energy resources in the agriculture sector is essential for sustainable agricultural…

Screenshot of the Food Security Portal

Food Prices

Coherent action is needed to help vulnerable populations cope with the hikes in their food bills, to assist farmers in developing countries respond to the opportunity posed by rising demand for their products, and to provide information for…

A woman's hand hold's chapati, with fire in background

Food Security

Food security, as defined by the United Nations’ Committee on World Food Security, is the condition in which all people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and…