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Men sitting and standing in a circle outdoors - Community meeting in Andhra Pradesh

Policies and Institutions

To improve agricultural productivity and reduce rural poverty, hunger, and malnutrition, solid institutions are needed.

Field with line of women in the background carrying baskets on their heads


As the 2015 deadline for the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) approaches, it is clear that progress has been made in hunger reduction. However, 805 million people remain undernourished, and malnutrition remains a challenge in almost every country…

People sitting, lying down, along street in India.


For the one billion people living in poverty around the world, securing life's basic necessities for themselves or their families is a daily challenge. Solving this seemingly intractable problem is development's main goal, and identifying…

Woman, blurred in background, holds up Bolsa Família card, sharp in foreground

Program Evaluation

To reduce poverty, food insecurity, and malnutrition, it is vital to choose the programs and policies that provide the largest impacts on development outcomes for a given level of expenditure. Since objective, systematic evaluations provide the…



We face a world full of shocks. Food price hikes and financial crises; environmental and natural disasters, such as droughts, floods, and earthquakes... 

Leveled field being irrigated in eastern Uttar Pradesh, India

Science, Technology, and Innovation

While evidence shows that sound and sustained investment in agricultural science and technology is key to increasing agricultural productivity, reducing poverty, and fostering economywide growth, in many developing countries, science and technology…


Seed Systems and Markets

Systems and markets that provide farmers with access to seeds and planting materials lie at the heart of efforts to boost agricultural productivity and improve rural livelihoods in many developing countries. Seeds are the very embodiment of modern…

Group of Indonesian children eating out of cups

Social Protection

Social protection programs are a powerful strategy for alleviating poverty. They include conditional and unconditional cash transfers, food rations, public works programs, school feeding, and targeted programs to the elderly and disabled.  By…



Trade connects regions with an abundant and inexpensive supply of goods to regions with strong demand, contributing to food security by helping to reduce supply and demand imbalances. Trade has the potential to provide better income for farmers and…

Screenshot of Value Chains Knowledge Clearinghouse website

Value Chains

If the agricultural sector is to play a bigger role in inclusive growth and improving nutrition, more focus is needed on what happens between production and consumption. In a value chain, value is added to the product along the supply chain through…