Mohamed Abd Salam El Vilaly received a B.Sc. in Water resources management from the University of Nouakchott, Mauritania in 2001, M.Sc. degree in hydrology from the University of Avignon, France in 2004, and a Ph.D. degrees in Arid Lands Resource Sciences from the University of Arizona, Tucson in 2013. Dr. Abd-Salam is a Research Fellow at the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Washington, DC, USA. He has worked over 16 years in the humanitarian, academic, and private sectors. His major areas of specialization include hydrology, groundwater extraction, and the use of Geographic Information Science (GIS) & Remote Sensing for monitoring ecological change at a global scale. Specifically, Abd Salam’s work focuses on human-environment interactions related to resource access, natural hazards, and human and animal health.