IFPRI and the World Food Program (WFP) are collaborating on a study, Evaluating Vouchers and Cash-Based Transfers, entailing randomized evaluations that compare impacts of transfer modalities (cash, food rations or food vouchers) on dietary patterns, human capital, domestic violence and marriage. Food transfers, particularly when micronutrient fortified, may improve dietary quality more than cash. However, delivering food is expensive, whereas cash provides liquidity to finance human capital investments. Also, intrahousehold allocation of transfers may differ between cash and food, affecting the power balance within the household. Building on this work, the International Initiative for Impact Evaluation (3ie) has funded four additional studies addressing knowledge gaps about social protection:
- What is the impact of cash and food transfers on food consumption patterns?
- How do cash and food transfers linked to early childhood development (ECD) centers affect child development in Uganda?
- How does social protection affect intrahousehold conflict and domestic violence in Northern Ecuador?
- The impact of cash transfers on marriage markets in Yemen.