The Agricultural Science and Technology Indicators (ASTI) initiative compiles, analyzes, and publishes data on institutional developments, investments, and human resources in agricultural R&D in low- and middle-income countries. The ASTI initiative is managed by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and involves partnerships with many national and regional R&D agencies, as well as international institutions. The initiative is widely recognized as the most authoritative source of information on the support for and structure of agricultural R&D worldwide. (www.asti.cgiar.org)
The authors thank the 124 agricultural research agencies that participated in the ASTI-PARC survey, without whose commitment this country note would not have been possible. The authors would also like to thank the research team in Pakistan, Sultan Ali Tariq, Hina Fatima, Nouman Baddar, and Shazia Firdous, for their signiicant contribution to the data collection. Finally, the authors thank Nienke Beintema, Gert-Jan Stads, and Mark Rosegrant for their valuable comments on an earlier draft and Mary-Jane Banks for editing the brief. ASTI gratefully acknowledges the generous support from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.