As the causes and consequences of AIDS epidemics become clearer, so does the fundamental importance of food and nutrition security. Agriculture is the main source of livelihood for the majority of people globally affected by HIV. And agriculture as a sector is particularly threatened by the epidemic, given the implications of reduced labor power for the ability of affected households, particularly the poor, to feed themselves - and given the rapid rate of attrition of agricultural extension capacity.

Along with partners in the Regional Network on AIDS, Livelihoods and Food Security (RENEWAL), IFPRI is engaged in research that aims to unravel the dynamics behind these interactions and their implications for food and nutrition-relevant policy. Currently active in Malawi, Uganda, Kenya, South Africa and Zambia, RENEWAL brings together national networks of researchers, policymakers, public, private and nongovernmental organizations in a series of research, capacity strengthening and communications initiatives.

In 2005, IFPRI convened the “International Conference on HIV/AIDS and Food and Nutrition Security: From Evidence to Action” in Durban, South Africa. For highlights of this conference, see the book, AIDs, Poverty, and Hunger.

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