The National Food Security Strategy addresses food security at the national level (macrolevel food security) and at the household and individual levels (microlevel food security), emphasizing that improving food security is a cross-sector challenge. Macrolevel food security is not equal to national food self-sufficiency; it simply means that a country has enough food to feed all of its people. The population’s food demand can be met by the country’s own food production, food imports, or, usually, a combination of the two. In Yemen’s case, limited production-side potential and rapidly increasing food demand mean an adequate supply of food can only be achieved by trading in the global market. But in order to be able to import food, Yemen must export enough goods and services to generate foreign exchange. In 2000, Yemen used roughly 10 percent of its export earnings to import food, putting it slightly below the international average. By 2007, it was using 25 percent of its export earnings for the same purpose, representing a significant deterioration in the country’s macrolevel food security.
الاستراتيجية الوطنية للأمن الغذائي في اليمن
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)