Cotton has been planted in Uganda for more than a century, despite its low productivity. In an effort to improve productivity, the Ugandan government is considering genetically modified (GM) varieties such as insect resistant (IR) and herbicide tolerant (HT) cotton. This brief summarizes a study which examines the risks and benefits of GM technology to agricultural growth in Uganda. Through an ex-ante impact analysis of GM cotton adoption in Uganda, it considers the impacts to farm, market, trade and industry, and the institutional environment of the cotton sector as a whole. The findings provide stakeholders and policymakers with tools to analyze and make decisions about the approval and adoption of GM cotton in Uganda.
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)