Agricultural research expenditures and funding increased marginally in Ghana throughout the 1990s. Like counterparts across much of Africa, agricultural R&D agencies in Ghana remained highly dependent on government and donor funding, with the World Bank’s NARP and AgSSIP initiatives contributing greatly to the rehabilitation of Ghana’s weakened agricultural research infrastructure. Most notable is the shift toward commercialization of agricultural research, heralded by the 1996 CSIR Act requiring that, by 2001, 30 percent of the agricultural research budgets of CSIR agencies be generated from private sources. Only one CSIR agency has met this target to date, and consequently the government has not reduced its funding to CSIR agencies as was scheduled to occur in 2001. It remains to be seen, however, whether the government and donors continue to support agencies that fail to meet their commercialization targets in the future, given the strong focus on commercialization under AgSSIP. Another issue that may require ongoing consideration is the imbalances in capacity of CSIR agencies to successfully generate revenues given some, like FORIG and OPRI have a strong commercial focus, while others, like CRI, ARI, and SARI, focus on broader social issues like food security.
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI); International Service for National Agricultural Research (ISNAR); and Science and Technology Policy Research Institute (STEPRI)