Rural livelihoods in Mon State: Evidence from a representative household survey

Mateusz J. Filipski, Joanna Van Asselt, Ulrike Nischan, Ben Belton, Kyan Htoo, Myat Thida Win, Aung Hein, L. Seng Kham, Zaw Min Naing, Ellen Payongayong, Duncan Boughton
ifpri discussion paper

The purpose of this report is to provide information and analysis to government, civil society, and donors interested in improving the well-being of the rural population of Mon State, Myanmar. Specifically, the report analyzes the different sources of income for rural households, as well as their socioeconomic characteristics, with a view to helping identify constraints on growth and potential pathways to improving incomes. The overall picture that emerges is one of a struggling agricultural sector and an economy heavily dependent on services for local employment and on international migration for income. The analysis is based on a sample of 1,632 rural households, designed to be representative of rural households in Mon State as a whole. The survey included a household questionnaire and a community survey, and gathered information on demographics, all economic aspects of the household, and access to infrastructure and services at the community level.