Targeting food security interventions when “everyone is poor”

The case of Ethiopia’s Productive Safety Net Programme

In Ethiopia, as in many other African countries, there is a pressing need to improve household food security. An emerging consensus suggests that this is most easily accomplished through two development strategies with two complementary dimensions: investments that facilitate income generation and asset accumulation (infrastructure development, improved technologies for agriculture, etc.), and interventions that protect the poorest from hunger, prevent asset depletion and provide a platform on which the growth interventions can take place. Given limited resources for the latter, there needs to be an allocation mechanism. But in a country like Ethiopia, where poverty is widespread and income distribution relatively equal, how does targeting work? (Woldehanna et al. 2008); literally, when “everyone is poor”.

Author: 
Coll-Black, Sarah
Gilligan, Daniel O.
Hoddinott, John
Kumar, Neha
Taffesse, Alemayehu Seyoum
Wiseman, William
Published date: 
2011
Publisher: 
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI)
Series number: 
24
PDF file: 
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