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discussion paper

Market integration and price transmission in Tajikistan’s wheat markets: Rising like rockets but falling like feathers?

The extent of market integration and transmission of food price shocks is a major determinant of price stability and overall food security, particularly in developing countries. Few studies have examined these issues for countries in Central Asia,…

discussion paper

Roads to innovation: Firm-level evidence from China

Although both infrastructure and innovation play an important role in fostering a country’s economic growth, discussion in the literature about how the two are connected is limited. This paper examines the impact of road density on firm innovation in…

discussion paper

Is access to tractor service a binding constraint for Nepali Terai farmers?

Using results from the three rounds of Nepal Living Standard Surveys (conducted in 1995, 2003, and 2010), this study empirically assesses whether access to rented tractors or custom hiring services is a binding constraint on the income growth of farm…

discussion paper

Farm household typologies and mechanization patterns in Nepal Terai: Descriptive analysis of the Nepal living standards survey

Although Nepal formulated an agricultural mechanization promotion policy in 2014, there is still much to learn about tailoring mechanization policies to different types of farm households. The Terai belt in Nepal has seen steady growth in tractor use…

discussion paper

A proximity-based measure of industrial clustering

An industrial cluster is a locality with a high concentration of firms in related businesses. Although relatedness and concentration are the two defining features of an industrial cluster, the commonly used measures of clustering often fail to…

discussion paper

Financial constraints and international trade with endogenous mode of competition

The goal of this paper is to examine how financial constraints affect firms’ decisions to export when the mode of intra-sectoral competition is endogenous. We propose an extension of Neary and Tharakan’s (2012) model, in which firms resort to external…