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discussion paper

Improving the equity and effectiveness of Nepal’s fertilizer subsidy program

This paper examines the fertilizer subsidy program in Nepal from two different angles, both important for policy makers in the country. First, it analyzes who is benefiting from the program, and second, it examines how farmers rank the importance of…

discussion paper

Capacity and accountability in the Agricultural Extension System in Malawi: Insights from a survey of service providers in 15 districts

This report summarizes the data collected from a survey of government and nongovernment extension service providers (GSPs and non-GSPs, respectively) in 15 sample districts in Malawi. Together with the recently published report that looks at farmers’…

discussion paper

Agricultural extension messages using video on portable devices

To feed a growing population, agricultural productivity needs to increase dramatically. Agricultural extension information, with its public, non-rival nature, is generally undersupplied, and public provision remains challenging. In this research, we…

discussion paper

Framework to assess performance and impact of pluralistic agricultural extension systems: The best-fit framework revisited

Extension and advisory services (EAS) are well recognized as a key factor in contributing to agricultural productivity and growth. However, rigorous evaluation of EAS approaches and assessment of complex national or subnational pluralistic EAS systems…

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