The disaggregated Egypt Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) was constructed for 1997 for an analysis of Egypt’s food subsidy system. It has 28 productive sectors (activities), 36 commodities, 10 households, 5 factors, a government account and a rest-of-the-world account. The SAM has a detailed treatment for agriculture, there are 14 agricultural sectors producing 22 agricultural commodities. Bread and flour are two commodities that are subsidized in Egypt. The SAM accounts for these commodities and splits them into subsidized and unsubsidized, a treatment that facilitates the analysis of food subsidy issues. The SAM also differentiates between urban and rural households by quintiles, allowing welfare, inequality and poverty analysis. In addition to land, the SAM distinguishes between agricultural and nonagricultural labor and capital. For a description of the construction and use of this dataset, download the Trade and Macroeconomics Division Discussion Paper Number 48 (PDF 220K).
The survey was conducted in collaboration with the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation (MALR) and Ministry of Trade and Supply of Egypt. Funding for the survey was provided by the US Agency for International Development.
Egypt Integrated Household Survey, 1997-1999. 2000. Washington, D.C.: International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) (datasets).