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Woman with dairy cow in Bangladesh


Women play a critical and potentially transformative role in developing countries’ agricultural growth, but they face persistent obstacles and social and economic constraints that limit their participation in the sector. Understanding the…

Closeup of hand dipping finger in ink


Sound institutions and good governance are central to improving agricultural productivity and reducing rural poverty, hunger, and malnutrition. Governance refers to how power and authority is used to manage the collective affairs of a community,…

A female livestock health worker prescribing drugs for a woman diary farmer in Bangladesh


Having access to nutritious and safe food is critical for individuals to achieve their physical and cognitive potential, maintain their health, and ensure economic productivity. Since agriculture and health are intrinsically linked—food that nourishes…

Mother and children outside of thatched hut in Northern Senegal.


IFPRI has a dedicated impact assessment unit, within the Director General’s Office, working on achieving these challenging objectives by taking the following actions in three important areas: Conduct integrated assessments of IFPRI’s past research at…



The development, marketing, distribution, and use of agricultural inputs (land, capital, and labor) play a large role in determining production, yields, and access to markets for agricultural products. Similarly, delivery channels for agricultural…

Woman examines and sorts iron beans in Rwanda


Nutrition is key to human well-being, but far too many people around the world are afflicted by poor nutrition. Malnutrition is a complex, multisectoral problem that presents across a continuum of poor nutrition, from under-nutrition due to…

Men sitting and standing in a circle outdoors - Community meeting in Andhra Pradesh

Policies and Institutions

To improve agricultural productivity and reduce rural poverty, hunger, and malnutrition, solid institutions are needed.

Field with line of women in the background carrying baskets on their heads


As the 2015 deadline for the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) approaches, it is clear that progress has been made in hunger reduction. However, 805 million people remain undernourished, and malnutrition remains a challenge in almost every country…

People sitting, lying down, along street in India.


For the one billion people living in poverty around the world, securing life's basic necessities for themselves or their families is a daily challenge. Solving this seemingly intractable problem is development's main goal, and identifying…

Woman, blurred in background, holds up Bolsa Família card, sharp in foreground

Program Evaluation

To reduce poverty, food insecurity, and malnutrition, it is vital to choose the programs and policies that provide the largest impacts on development outcomes for a given level of expenditure. Since objective, systematic evaluations provide the…