To maximise the benefits of regional integration and look for new opportunities to improve competitiveness, African policymakers, the private sector and development partners need access to accurate and comprehensive data on intra and inter-regional trade with respect to agricultural goods. It is in this context that the ACP-EU Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA) and the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) commissioned the African Agricultural Trade Status Report, which examines the current status, trends and outlook in African trade performance, making an important contribution towards data and analysis of developments both at regional and at continental levels. The Report builds on the work by the African Growth and Development Policy Modelling Consortium (AGRODEP) and the Regional Strategic Analysis and Knowledge Support System (ReSAKSS) of CAADP and trade and also reflects the CTA’s commitment to advancing knowledge and sharing of best practices relating to agricultural trade. In addition to accurate data to assist policy-makers to take informed decisions, this collaboration aims at maximising the input from the highest African analytical capacity on agricultural trade and strengthen an African pool of expertise through AGRODEP. Regional trade within Africa and between the various regions will offer the biggest opportunities in the near future for the local private sector, SMEs and producers and value chain actors. In this context, CTA and IFPRI believe that an annual African trade report is needed and that for the next editions, a broader range of partners would join this initiative.